Johannes Wheeldon The Hockey Writers
Rasmus Dahlin, Hockey Culture and the Frölunda Hockey Club
Rasmus Dahlin is the front-runner to be selected 1st overall in the 2018 NHL Draft. He is a responsible defenceman with significant offensive upside. His passing ability is outstanding. He can start the rush, make long breakaway passes, and quarterback the powerplay. He also has a blistering slap shot and a dangerous one-timer. He is a good stick-checker who can shut down forwards on the rush. While he is not the most physical player, he is a strong skater. Dahlin plays in Sweden with the Frölunda Hockey Club.
Rasmus Dahlin and the Frölunda Hockey Club
For more than a decade Frölunda Hockey Club in the Swedish Hockey League has supported a startling number of top prospects drafted into the National Hockey League. Since 1981, they have produced draft picks every year including players like Daniel Alfredsson, Henrik Lundqvist, Erik Karlsson, Viktor Stålberg, and recent top prospects Jacob Larrson, Kristian Vesalained, and Joni Ikonen. Beyond draft picks, Frölunda has served as a finishing school of sorts, improving the play of John Klingberg, Artturi Lehkonen, Max Friberg, and Lias Andersson. Dahlin is just the latest in a long line of elite players who have played for the team.
What makes Frölunda so special? I corresponded with Björn Liljander, assistant general manager of Frölunda and Patrik Bexell, European Correspondent for Habs Eyes On The Prize. As the host of Puck Drop Podcast, Bexell has been covering Frölunda for some time, interviewing players and coaches.
Over three weeks in October 2017, I discussed key questions with them about coaching young players and supporting the next generation of high caliber hockey players. I believe Frölunda’s success can be traced to three things: experienced and youth-focused coaching; a unique and personalized approach to player development; and a culture that permeates all aspects of the organization.
From Västra Frölunda to Frölunda Hockey Club
Frölunda was founded on February 3, 1938. In 2004, the club shortened its name from Västra Frölunda Hockey Club to Frölunda Hockey Club. Based in Gothenburg, the club has developed top hockey talent since the 1960s. While the most authoritative history of the club is “50 years of Västra Frölunda” by Szymon Szemberg, Derek O’Brien offers a chronicle of more recent developments for the club.
In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Vastra Frölunda hosted overseas opponents at Scandinavium. In September 1977, the World Hockey Association champion Winnipeg Jets toured Europe and visited Gothenburg. Four years later, the NHL’s Washington Capitals and New York Rangers both made the trip.
However, it wasn’t until 1995-96 that Västra Frölunda began to emerge as the team that exists today. They qualified for the first season of the new European Hockey League that year and lost to Dynamo Moscow in the semi-finals. They placed third the next year.
Frölunda rose to become a powerhouse in the 2000s, winning national titles in 2003 and 2005. Since 2005, it has played in the European Champions Cup and been a regular participant in the Nordic Trophy, and now the Champions Hockey League. They are by far the most successful team in the first three years of the CHL, winning in 2015-16. They are poised to make it two European titles in a row.
An Integrated Approach
One way to understand Frölunda’s success is based on their integrated approach to player development. As Patrick Bexell observes, when Campus Frölunda was opened in 2009, all teams associated with the Froluna Program were hosted under the same roof. This allows interactions between the coaches of different teams (U16, U18, U20, and A-team) to be streamlined.
According to Björn Liljander, assistant general manager, coaches meet weekly. He describes this as:
…coaches from both men’s team and the academies share information and communicate amongst themselves and with managers. The coaches in the men’s team are often working in the academy and academy coaches work with the men’s team. This is how we can utilize the same playbook with all our players.
Bexell notes that another aspect of this integrated approach is the dedicated Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Clinic. Developed in collaboration with the soccer team IFK Göteborg, the clinic ensures young players don’t overextend themselves and build muscle safely and as part of an overall training regime. Likewise, skating coaches work with physiotherapists to vary routines, exercises, and drills to allow players to get more out of their stride.
This integrated approach has three principal components. One involves coaches who are part of a broader team, who share a playbook, strategies, and tactics. As players move up in the system, they know the coaches, are clear on expectations and can build on their existing knowledge of the system, as opposed to starting from scratch. Second, and related to this, is an approach to player development that actively involves players in practices, elicits feedback and tries to find solutions together. Third and finally, these components, when combined are part of a culture at Frölunda that permeates all aspects of the organization.
Coaching as ‘Tending a Garden’
In 2013, Rönnberg was hired as head coach. Rönnberg was the head coach of the U20 Swedish Team and an assistant coach for the Swedish men’s national ice hockey team at the 2009, 2010, and 2011 IIHF World Championships. Rönnberg broke with Frölunda’s former approach of buying expensive players from other teams. Instead, they began to look for young talent within Gothenburg’s youth teams. According to Liljander:
It is an approach where the coaches work actively to give direct feedback on concrete behaviors. Coaches focus on building skills and strengthening each player’s individual profile. The basic idea is to support each player to become the best player they can be in the future.
Rönnberg brought with him Mr. Pär Johansson and named him the assistant and defensive coach. Together these coaches work both with the men’s team and in the academy.
Just sayin' to continue to lose might not be bad for the #Habs #AllIN4Dahlin https://t.co/0w5PZ80mLo
— Patrik Bexell (@Zeb_Habs) October 21, 2017
Defensively Responsible Players
According to Bexell, Coach Rönnberg wants smart hockey players. He often mentions a “great hockey mind” when describing impressive young players. His expectation is that his players have a full understanding of the game. Rönnberg is looking for his team to drive and control the play. This requires forwards to be prepared to cover the defender going forward and is one reason Frölunda is gaining a reputation for developing defensively responsible players.
Liljander describes the team’s mission as one designed to reach every player in whatever way resonates. “We are constantly looking at how we get to know our players, understand our player’s profile and their personality. We tailor feedback tools to reach each player in ways they will respond to.”
Rönnberg sees his role as one designed to support players and try to help them reach their full potential. He told Patrik Bexell: “I am just a gardener tending my garden, if I do everything right I get to reap the rewards.”
Personalized Player Development
Focusing on tailoring education and development on the ice to an individual player’s personality is a far cry from the approach in North America in which personalities are seen as undermining team dynamics. Rather than trying to reach individual players in ways that they will respond to, it is common for coaches to bench players or relegate them to the fourth line to “teach” them something. If this approach ever worked, it is out of step with research on how best to manage millennials. Young players want mentors, not bosses, and they want to be involved. This starts early. As Liljander states:
We work toward a developing a physical profile, and we utilize a modern playbook at both the men’s team and at the academy. Of course, players need to be ready mentally as well. This occurs through daily guidance from our coaches and learning from their experiences on the ice…
According to Bexell and former NHL/AHL players who have played with the team, practice is harder on Frölunda than an NHL club. In part, this is due to the shorter 52 game schedule. According to Liljander:
We practice to ensure our players are strong in key skills. These involve high-speed skating, short shifts, blocking shots, driving to the net, and having discipline. Only after we see this progression to focus on educating our players in our playbook. Finally, we want the player’s individual brand and strength to be supported and developed to allow them to make a difference on the ice.
What is unique with Frölunda is the role of feedback. Bexell observes that Rönnberg always explains the reason for a drill at practice and asks players whether the drill is realistic and consistent with what he calls a “match situation.” While in the end, the coach decides, they work to get as much information as possible.
Culture and the Power of Expectations
The most important aspect to Frölunda’s success is the focus on working together to strengthen a culture and common philosophy throughout the association. This connects back to the use of the same playbook throughout the organization but is also related to coaches working with players from an early age that informs the approach to player development.
Patience and Persistence
As Bexell points out, there are a limited number of players in the SHL. On the one hand, this requires coaches to be patient with talent. On the other, if you approach player development as Frölunda does, you are allowed more time and space to work with younger players. For example, Frölunda invited a young Rasmus Dahlin to practice with the Men’s club. When Dahlin outplayed the rest of the team, Rönnberg reportedly said: “How many do we miss because we aren’t observant enough.”
For Björn Liljander, results are the byproduct of creating an environment where support and hard work helps each player to become the best they can be in the future:
We have many people who work hard every day with our players in the academy and on the men’s team. This involves the every day hard work of coaching the players’ behaviors, supporting their achievements, and getting the players to compete during every moment on the ice. We try to push over their boundaries every day.
Individualism in Collective Cultures
There may be more than hard work at play here. Sweden, and Europe generally, are described as having more collectivist cultures. These cultures emphasize group goals above individual needs and community norms and shared expectations.
As Victor Hedman observes, Swedish hockey culture is a “…total philosophy of community that starts when you’re young.” With this is the background, they have room to emphasize individualism, including the hockey “hero” or “Man of the Match.” There is a lot of incentive to be the best. In just one example, each team’s leading scorer wears the “Golden Helmet.”
Compare this to North America where the culture of individualism and personal achievement is so ingrained that teams spend a lot of time emphasizing all the various ways players contribute to the success of a team as a whole. This may be why some suggest hockey players are boring. Too often, the consequence of displaying charisma or personality is being called a “clown” on national television.
Supporting Individual Development as a Team
Part of what Frölunda has done is find a way to build a team concept while emphasizing individualistic opportunities for player growth and development. This means focusing on a player’s “individual brand and strength,” and deliberately focusing on “individual player development.” It means not treating players like a replaceable cog.
According to Liljander:
There are no secrets here. Basically everything is about hard work from everyone at Frölunda. This involves GM, scouts, head coaches, instructors & players. Everybody needs to work hard, over time, the successes will come.
This is an approach that has proven to be very successful. Frölunda has had 76 players drafted into the NHL to date. In 2014, they had eight players drafted, the same number of players as the Czech Republic and Finland. Rasmus Dahlin will be prepared for the next stage of his hockey career wherever he ends up in the draft. As Bexell’s points out, the approach at Frölunda virtually ensures it.
“I have coached many, many good young players, in both club and national teams,” says Rönnberg, “and Rasmus is most certainly among the top defenders of those teams.”
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